Washington Monument Temporary Security, 2004

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The 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City and the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington resulted in the erection of security barriers throughout the nation’s capital and along the National Mall. Not only were these measures unsightly, they also undermined the democratic ideals of openness and accessibility that America’s capital city embodies.

Photograph by Peter R. Penczer